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Background Food & Agriculture Organization of the United Nations - IRAQ
˝Agriculture currently provides about 8 percent of Iraq’s GDP and 20 percent of employment, and supports a rural population of 7 million people. The sector has declined since the 1980s and is underperforming. Over the last fifteen years, agricultural production dropped by an average of 1.1 percent per year, and per capita agricultural production declined by about 3.9 percent per year. Productivity of the main cereal crops—wheat, barley, and rice—has fallen dramatically. Over half of the country’s total food requirement is imported. Under the sanctions regime, a Public Food Distribution System (PFDS), which provided food rations to all Iraqis, attempted to support food security at the household level, but fell short of ensuring adequate nutrition to most of the population.”
United Nations/World Bank Joint Iraq Needs Assessment, October 2003

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